The 77-year-old was due to travel to London this weekend for a dinner held in his honour by the Football Writers Association (FWA).
Pele - the only player to win three World Cups - withdrew and the FWA said he was being monitored by doctors.
But his spokesperson called reports of his hospitalisation "fake news".
"He just didn't want to make a long and stressful trip to London, in and out of who knows how many planes and airports," said Jose Fornos Rodrigues. "That's all."
Pele has been taken to hospital for kidney and prostate problems in recent years.