The singer will perform during the break when the Philadelphia Eagles take on the Kansas City Chiefs on Sunday.
Rihanna has not toured or released an album since 2016's Anti. The star has instead focused on her fashion brand, and last year welcomed her first child.
However, she did record a new song last year for Marvel's Wakanda Forever.
Lift Me Up, which features on the soundtrack to the Black Panther sequel, marked Rihanna's first new solo single for six years and has been nominated for an Oscar.
Fans hope that the 34-year-old's Super Bowl performance could signal a bigger musical comeback later this year.
The singer said on Thursday it was initially "scary" to accept the invitation and take on one of music's biggest stages. "I haven't been on stage for seven years," she said, speaking at a press conference ahead of the big game.
But she said that it was important to her to be "representing for immigrants, representing for my country, Barbados, representing for black women everywhere".