TV footage showed the first miner, who was blindfolded to protect his eyes from the light, being lifted out as emergency workers cheered.
The fate of 10 other miners remains unknown, as rescue operations continue to try to locate them.
The entrance tunnel to the Hushan gold mine in Shandong province collapsed after an explosion on 10 January.
A total of 22 miners were trapped in the blast, the cause of which is unknown. At least one died, and it is still not known if the remaining workers are alive underground.