The scientists found that heating in the region ultimately disturbed the circular pattern of winds known as the polar vortex.
This allowed colder winter weather to flow down to the US, notably in the Texas cold wave in February.
The authors say that warming will see more cold winters in some locations.
Over the past four decades, satellite records have shown how increasing global temperatures have had a profound effect on the Arctic.
Scientists have long been concerned about the implications of this amplification of global change for the rest of the planet.